OF THE MIRACLES WHICH ALMIGHTY GOD WORKED
THROUGH THE MERITS OF S. ROSE
AS miracles belong to the number of hose gratuitous graces which God grants rather for the good of others, than for the particular advantage of the person by whom He works them, they are not the essential marks of sanctity; for S. John the Baptist, the greatest among the children of men, never performed any, according to the testimony of Jesus Christ himself; still, as they are a subject of astonishment to the people, and as the oblige them to acknowledge a Sovereign Power which has absolute dominion over nature, the Son of God has made use of them to establish religion in every part of the world, and to confirm its excellence and truth, from which S. Augustine terms them “the seeds of faith.”
We need not then be surprised if Almighty God has worked so many miracles through S. Rose, a nun of the third order of S. Dominic, in the New World, where the faith was only just beginning to spring up; for they were necessary to confirm the newly converted and to strengthen them in the faith. For this reason, though the life S. Rose was a continual and very famous miracle, God also worked, through her means, a great number of prodigies for the salvation of several persons. We do not undertake to relate them all; the number is so great that a volume might be composed of them; we will content ourselves with noticing the most remarkable.
OF THE CONVERSIONS WHICH THE PRAYERS OF
ST. ROSE OBTAINED
As the conversion of sinners from crime to innocence, and from sin to grace, is a most noble effect of the charity of the Saints, and a more glorious mark of their power with Almighty God, than the restoring diseased and languishing bodies to health, we may say that God has given glorious proofs of the sanctity of His Spouse; for a number of hardened sinners, who had been for years in the habit of sin, were so struck with compunction and sorrow for having offended God at the time in which they touched the body of S. Rose, or even beheld it exposed in the church, that Father Nicholas de Aguero, of the Order of Friar Preachers, then Vicar General of Peru, testifies, in his circular letter of the 1st of September, 1617, that many openly confessed their crimes and disorders, and gave proof, by the abundance of their tears and the violence of their sobs, that they were truly converted. It was remarked, that some young libertines who came to the church merely to gaze on the ravishing beauty of this chaste Spouse of Jesus Christ, whom they had not been able to look upon attentively during life, returned home penetrated with great contrition, and resolved to change their lives.
Some days after S. Rose’s death, several persons went to visit Mary de l’Olive, her mother, and bestowed plentiful alms upon her, in gratitude for the graces which they said they had received from God through the merits of her holy daughter, who had, undoubtedly, obtained their conversion from a state of sin in which they had long been.
For several years there had appeared little hopes for the conversion of a man who lived more like an atheist than a Christian, and whose scandalous life was a tissue of all sorts of crimes and disorders. He had never made a good confession in his life, and those who knew his terrible obstinacy looked upon him as lost, for hew would not hear a word of doing penance. A pious person who was sensibly touched at the deplorable loss of a soul for which Jesus Christ had shed His precious blood, addressed herself to S. Rose a few days after her death, and entreated her to obtain the conversion of this poor soul. Her power with Almighty God was soon manifested; for this man awoke from the lethargy of sin, and the fear of God softening the hardness of his heart, he was converted, and during the rest of his life he had as great a horror of sin as he had before had pleasure in committing it. This conversion was much talked of, and greatly augmented the respect which was shown to the merits of S. Rose.
He was not the only person who experienced the favorable effects of her intercession; it was on the 11th January, 1617, before the apostolical commissioners, that the number of persons who were converted to God, and who did penance for their past disorders, through S. Rose’s intercession, was so great in Lima, and the whole kingdom of Peru, that a short time after her death so many disciplines, iron chains, hair shirts, etc, were sold, that the stock of the merchants was exhausted. Father Antonio de la Vega Louysa, the Jesuit, remarks this circumstance particularly; for according to the common opinion of doctors, these conversion are the most certain marks of the sanctity of those who obtain them. The most, infamous public sinners were seen, with astonishment, to quit their sinful habits, and embrace the sweet yoke of chastity, to live for God alone in the practice of rigorous penance, and to apply themselves solely to the important affair of their salvation, seeing in the penitential and crucified life of S. Rose the stringent obligation we are under of attending to it. The priests declared, that since S. Rose’s entrance into heaven there had been a complete change of manners in Peru, and they knew by the numerous conversions they every day witnessed, that she was powerfully soliciting the salvation of her countrymen. Worldly women renounced their vanity, and left off wearing those rich garments which only serve to nourish pride and ambition, to clothe themselves in the garb of modesty. Religious persons, animated by the example of this innocent penitent, renewed their first fervor so courageously, that nothing was heard in cloisters but the sound of disciplines, which they took to imitate her mortification. Confessors were besieged in their tribunals by a great number of persons, who testified by their tears and groans the sensible sorrow which they felt for having offended God. This wonderful change caused a man of rank to give testimony before the Commissionary Inquisitors, that since the Gospel was preached in Peru by the Dominicans, who were the first missionaries there, no preacher had ever inspired the people with such sentiments of penance, or inflamed them with so great a love of God, as S. Rose had done since her death; and this he proved by the conversions which she had obtained of God for different persons.
She not only gave her assistance to those who were engaged in sin to withdraw them from it, she also animated very good men to a more perfect and holy manner of life. We may cite as an example Father John of Villalobos, Prefect of the College of the Society of Jesus in Lima, who having visited S. Rose in her last illness, and earnestly entreated her to draw him to the practice of her virtues, felt such interior unction, and received after her death such supernatural lights as mad known to him that she had obtained for him the grace he had solicited. We may say, in fact, that there was no person so rebellious to grace, and so obstinate in sin, whom S. Rose did not induce to enter into himself and rise from his unhappy state. The inhabitants of Lima were greatly scandalized by the aversion which Mary Xuara, one of the richest and most influential persons in the country, bore towards some cousins of Francis and Alexander de Columa, two brothers who were sons of her husband by his first wife. Francis de Columa took care of the little orphans, but his step-mother was not at all moved by their great poverty; on the contrary, she made her will without leaving them anything, and to satisfy her hatred, she did not even name them in it. These two brothers being, however, obliged by their business to go into the country and leave these poor orphans at Lima, Francis, touched with compassion at their misery, addressed himself to S. Rose, and looking on her picture he begged her to soften the heart of this obstinate woman, and to inspire her with sentiments of humanity for these little children. The next day this woman, who during eighteen years would not see him, sent for him, and told him that she had passed a miserable night, and that the misery of the ten orphans had been constantly in her thoughts; and she begged him to fetch a lawyer to draw up another will in their favor; and this was executed.
Louisa Barba, being almost in her agony, was exhorted by her confessor to have confidence in God, for she would not die of this illness, because S. Rose had made known, by revelation, that she would be a nun, and would end her life in the cloister. She did not die, but she felt no inclination whatever to embrace this holy state; she had, on the contrary, as great a horror for religion as she would have had for the frightful head of Medusa. Nevertheless, a short time after S. Rose’s death, when she went to pray at her tomb, that God would make known to her the state of life for which His Divine Providence destined her, she felt herself so powerfully attracted by Almighty God, that being no longer desirous to resist grace, which had dissipated her unreasonable sentiments, she became a nun of the Third order of S. Dominic, and was called Sister Louisa of S. Mary.
TWO DEAD PERSONS RAISED TO LIFE, AND MANY
MIRACULOUSLY CURED BY TOUCHING THE BODY
OF S. ROSE, AND INVOKING HER ASSISTANCE IN
The authenticated miracle of the resurrection of Magdalen de Torrez, which happened in October, 1627, should be placed first on the list, as the most admirable effect of the supernatural power which God communicates to His saints. She was the daughter of a poor laborer, who dwelt in the outskirts of Lima. She was seized with a violent fever and diarrhea, of which she died. She was placed on straw, where she remained from the night she died till the next day. Everything was ready for her burial, when her mother, placing her confidence in God and S. Rose’s protection, put on the mouth of her dead daughter a piece of a garment which had belonged to our Saint. Wonderful to relate, this girl, who was quite cold, and whose body had become stiff, opened her eyes, and, in the presence of her father and several others who were in the room, rose from the mattress in full vigor and as perfect health as if she had not been ill.
In the year 1631, Anthony Bran, a servant of Madame Jeanne Barette, received a similar favor from heaven through the merits of the same saint. He had been ill of a fever for three months, and had also a stomach complaint, very common in America, and often mortal, and his strength having been gradually exhausted, at length he died. Those who witnessed his death informed his mistress of it, who, seeing him dead, cold and breathless, lifted up her eyes to heaven and said, sighing, “God has taken from me this servant, who was so useful to me in my affairs, and in the management of my household; may His holy Name be forever blessed!” While she was making this act of resignation, she perceived on the pillow fo the dead man’s bead a paper picture of S. Rose, and immediately she entreated her protection in her affliction, and earnestly begged her to obtain from God the life of this servant. Full of confidence that she should obtain her request, she placed the picture on the corpse, and while she was in the room, Anthony came to life, rose up in a sitting position, and published aloud the favor he had received through the intercession of S. Rose, and went the same day to her tomb to thank her.
While the corpse of our Saint was exposed in the church before burial, Elizabeth Durand went thither to touch it, that she might recover the use of her arm, of which she had been long deprived, and which the surgeons pronounced incurable, for none of their remedies could restore its natural heat; but having touched this holy body, she returned perfectly cured. A poor slave woman, a native of Guinea, named Helen, had been tormented for seven years by a quantity of worms, which, having exhausted her strength, had reduced her to a state in which her life was despaired of. She was attacked by a violent fever, with swelling of the legs and heels, which were sure prognostics of approaching death. Her master, John Merin, being sorry to lose her, hearing of the miracles which were wrought by the intercession of S. Rose, who had been dead three days, persuaded this dying negress to recommend herself to her prayers, and to promise to make a Novena at her tomb. She followed his advice: she was carried to the Saint’s tomb, and on the last day fo the Novena she felt as well as if she had never had this illness. Beatrix Gavez, who had been afflicted for four years with a humor which fell in such quantities from her brain to her chest, that suffocation was apprehended, having heard of S. Rose’s death, slipped with the crowd into the house of Don Gonzalez, in which she had died; and after having recommended herself to her prayers, she touched the bier on which her holy body was placed, in the hope of being relieved; and from that moment the humor ceased and was quite cured.
The miracle which Almighty God worked in favor of Alphonso Diaz, through S. Rose’s intercession, is not less authentic. He was a poor cripple, well known to every one, who begged his bread from door to door in Lima; he dragged himself along with difficulty on little crutches, on account of a contraction of the nerves, which had some years back so dried up, and shortened his feet that he could not support himself on them; as soon as he had offered up his prayers near the coffin of S. Rose, whose assistance he invoked from the bottom of his heart, that he might be cured through her means, he felt his feet stretch out; and having tried his weight upon them, to see if he could walk, he found himself perfectly cured.
A negro child, aged twelve years, whose name is not mentioned, and who could only walk by crutches, hearing the miracles spoken of which were worked at the Church of S. Dominic by the merits of S. Rose, crept under the bier on which the body of our Saint was laid, and having invoked her assistance, he received so miraculous a cure that he began to run about the church in the presence of a crowd of people, who gave testimony of the miracle when they witnessed this wonderful sight. George de Aranda Vladivia, a priest, who had been in the war of Chili against the revolted Indians, and had afterwards embraced the ecclesiastical state, had received in battle several wounds in his left arm, which not having been well dressed, had caused in the course of time a tumor and inflammations, which prevented him from saying mass, as he could not raise his left arm. Being much afflicted at this circumstance, he went to the cloister of the religious in which the body of S. Rose was to be interred, and having prayed and recommended himself to our saint, he found himself perfectly cured, and his arm free from swelling in inflammation, and as flexible as the other. Transported with joy, he entered the church, in which were Father Christopher of Azevedo and several seculars, and prostrating himself before the altar of our Lady of the Holy Rosary, he publicly gave thanks to God for the miraculous cure which he had obtained through the merits of S. Rose.
Father Diego de Arasca, Prior of the Convent of Friar Preachers in the town of Panama, having set out for Lima during the great heats, was seized with fever, which reduced him to so deplorable a state, that the physicians seeing his body begin to swell, gave notice to the Father Provincial, Gabriel de Zarata, that he administration of the last sacraments should not be deferred. This good father received them with exemplary piety; and while the physicians and his brother religious despaired of his life, he recommended himself to S. Rose. His prayer being finished, the swelling and fever disappeared, and the next day he went t o the sepulcher of our Saint to return thanks. Isidore de Montalvo, a very old woman, had been ill for eight months of fever with violent paroxysms, and the physicians, thinking her great age rendered her incapable of bearing remedies, had left her. In her extremity she called upon S. Rose, and immediately found herself free from fever. She lived a long time after receiving this favor through hr intercession.
There was at Lima a wretched woman, whose name is not given, who hated her husband to that degree that she poisoned him; and that she might not fail in her design she chose a violent poison, that he might die before assistance could be had. As soon has he had taken the wine with which she had mixed the poison, his body began to swell, a perspiration came over him, and he began rolling his eyes like a dying person; in the midst of these convulsions he cried out suddenly, “S. Rose, assist me! I promise to make a Novena at your tomb!” His cruel wife, who expected only his death, was terrified at these words, and fearing to be punished for her abominable crime, she stabbed herself with a knife. Her husband recovered at that very hour, and the next day went to begin his Novena, which he finished as an offering of thanks to our Saint.
AFTER S. ROSE’S DEATH MANY SICK PERSON WERE
RESTORED TO HEALTH, AND SEVERAL WOMEN
ASSISTED IN THEIR LABOR BY TOUCHING HER
VEIL, OR SOME PART OF HER DRESS
ELEONOR Ruiz de Sandoza had long suffered from an almost insupportable pain in the head, which rendered her incapable of mental application. With the design of gaining the jubilee in the metropolitan church at Lima, she put a piece of S. Rose’s dress on her head, and was instantly relieved from the pain she had endured for many hears. Another person, named Philippa de Vargas, who had a fever, felt in its paroxysms a violent pain in the head, as if some on had forced sharp thorns into it. Having tried remedies in vain, she had recourse to S. Rose, and full of confidence she put a piece of her dress on her head; she ell asleep immediately, and after a pleasant slumber she awoke without fever or headache. The prioress of the monastery of S. Catherine of Sienna in Lima, used the same means to be cured of a headache and distillation of humors which fell into her chest, which cure was obtained by applying a piece of the dress of S. Rose. Sister Marine of S. Joseph, a Barefooted Carmelite, had so hurt her optic nerves by a fall, that she could neither raise nor cast down her eyes; besides this, she suffered continual pain. In this affliction she applied a piece of the veil which our Saint had used, and was cured the same day. Isabel of Mendoza had in her house a little slave girl, named Margaret, who had lost the sight of one eye, and the other was so weak that she could scarcely see with it, so that it was thought she would become blind. Her mistress having seen persons in the church of the Friar Preachers thanking God for the health they had obtained miraculously though the merits of S. Rose, thought that her little slave might perhaps recover her sight through her intercession. IN this confidence she asked the Father Sacristan for some relic of our Saint, and he gave her a piece of S. Rose’s dress. IN the evening she placed the relic between the child’s eyes, and having bandaged them she was put to bed. The next morning the skin which had covered her eye was found attached to the bandage on removing it, and both eyes were perfectly cured.
Louisa de Faxado, a widow, who lived at Lima, had lost tow of her children, a son aged seventeen, and a daughter ten months old, by epileptic fits; she had only one little boy left, named Francis de Contreras, who was so tormented by the same malady, that he sometimes lay on the ground for fifteen hours in convulsions, foaming at the mouth and struggling, which made his mother despair of his recovery. In this extremity she had recourse to God; and knowing the miracles which he worked through the intercession of S. Rose, she though she might obtain her son’s cure through her merits. When he was on day attacked by a fit of his malady, she placed a piece of our saint’s scapular on his breast: his convulsions ceased at once’ he came to himself, and had no returns of fits from that time. The year of our Saint’s death, John Rodriguez Samanez, a painter, was troubled with asthma, accompanied by a great oppression of the stomach: this disease had three years before attacked his lungs, and he could only breath by coughing, or with a whistling sound that proceeded from his chest. When nothing but his death was expected, Mary de Mesta applied some relics of S. Rose to his stomach; and as soon as he had recommended himself to the saint he fell asleep, entirely cured. A lay brother of our order, named John Garcias, finding the door of Rose’s hermitage too narrow to allow him to draw out a footstool, took a knife to cut off part of the wood; but in his eagerness he plunged the instrument so deeply into his hand that he cut off a large piece of the flesh, which hung from his arm in a frightful manner. He had recourse to S. Rose, and taking a piece of her veil he applied it to the wound and wrapped up the hand in his handkerchief, and an hour afterwards he found his wound as perfectly cured as if it had been dressed by the most skilful surgeons in the country. More than twenty persons witnessed this miracle.
Another still more famous miracle was operated in favor of Blanche de Zuniga, wife of Don Anthony de Contreras, governor of the province of Guilas, in the kingdom of Peru. This lady, who had been eight months with child, being at a country house with her husband, perceived one day that her child no longer moved, and concluded that it must be dead. She remained in this ear five days, and feeling already vapors rise to her brain, she prepared to receive the last Sacraments. While all the family were in the greatest affliction at this twofold misfortune, some pieces of S. Rose’s dress were brought from Lima to her husband. As soon as he received them he rant to his wife’s chamber, and giving them to her, she placed them on her body, and in the space of an Ave Maria, during which time she was occupied in invoking the protection of our saint, she was delivered of a dead child already putrified and livid, after which she was restored to heath.
S. Rose’s intercession was particularly available to women, in freeing them from the cruel pangs of child-birth, and preserving their offspring: and for this reason, after her death, a great number of children in Lima had the name of Rose given to them as a mark of their mothers’ gratitude for her assistance in their labor. Nature has sometimes imprinted a mark upon these children as a glorious testimony of the power which S. Rose had received from God to assist them, of which Peter de Guixano is an example. This child was placed in a cross position in his mother’s womb, which, by preventing her delivery, put them both in evident danger of death: in this extremity the mother called upon S. Rose, and when her prayer was finished the infant moved, and came easily into the world, with a red rose on the eyelid of the right eye, which nature seemed to have engraved there in memory of the miracle.
SEVERAL PERSONS AFFLICTED WITH DYSENTERY,
QUINSEY, FEVER, FRENZY, AND OTHER MALADIES,
HAVING BEEN CURED BY POWDER FROM THE
SEPULCHRE OF OUR SAINT.
IT would seem as if Almighty God had communicated a medicinal and vivifying nature to this earth, in recompense for its having preserved the body of S. Rose from corruption; for the convent of Friar Preachers at Lima being always composed of three hundred religious, they were obliged to procure from Panama a sandy and burning soil, in order to fill up the chapter cemetery, that the bodies being quickly consumed by it, there might be room to inter all the religious who died. Extraordinary to relate! That part alone of the ground which received the body of S. Rose, changed in quality. It became solid, the earth grew hard as stone, and not being able to scratch up with their hands to obtain the dust, they were obliged to break it with a hammer, though the rest of the soil in the cemetery was quite light. Almighty God caused this miraculous earth to be, as it were, an inexhaustible source for the relief of the inhabitants of Peru, which was manifested visibly in 1632, when, after a prodigious quantity had been taken from this sepulcher to be distributed amongst the villages, towns, and provinces of this great kingdom, it did not appear that more than four pounds weight had been carried away; for F. Bernardin Marquez, who had been obliged to plunge his arm into the hole, to draw out the great quantity which was sent all over Peru, and even to Spain, perceived, with astonishment, on taking some out, that this earth had increased underneath, and that the space which he had left empty was so completely filled that he could not put his hand into it. This dust worked such miraculous course, that persons came from all parts to fetch it, much the more eagerly, as they witnessed its wonderful effects. We will cite some remarkable examples.
A little girl of six years old had the tonsils of her throat very much swollen by a quinsy; an ulcer had formed; but what made the surgeon fear that she would die, was, that gangrene had commenced in the wound, an the mortified flesh was beginning to fall away in small pieces. They gave her some of this earth mixed with a cooling drink, and the next day she was perfectly cured. For twenty years the abbess of the Monastery of the Nuns of S. Clare, in Truxillo, had had a swelled leg, which gave her great pain; for there were more than forty ulcers in it, with so much inflammation that she was never without fever: she recovered her health by swallowing some of the earth from S. Rose’s tomb, though she had sought it, without success for several year, in the experience of surgeons and the remedies of medicine. Sister Grimaneca de Valverde, a nun of the Monastery of S. Clare, lost her sleep so completely with a burning fever and continual loss of blood, that she was fifteen days and nights without closing her eyes, which brought on delirium. The attendants were watching for an interval of reason to give her the last Sacraments, and prepare her for death, for the physicians said she had not more than eight hours to live. Isabel of Fuene, the abbess, thought they must have recourse to the mercy of God, and to the merits of S. Rose. In this confidence she went to fetch some of he dust from her sepulcher, and begged the confessor to mix it with water and give it to this dying nun to drink. He did so; she drank it, the fever diminished, the other symptoms disappeared, her senses returned, and after having slept she found herself perfectly well the next day.
Father Ferdinand of Esquivel, sub-prior at Lima, in the Convent of S. Mary Magdalen, was troubled with a rupture, which prevented him from preaching or making any journey. One day when he was in affliction at this circumstance, which prevented him from discharging his missionary duties, he was inspired by God to go to the sepulcher of S. Rose. He obeyed the thought: he went to her tomb, and after having prayed that our Saint would assist him in this infirmity, and applied some of the dust: he never felt afterwards any pain, and was so perfectly cured that he resumed the office of preaching, which this indisposition had interrupted, and undertook long voyages by sea and land without any inconvenience. Anne Cortes received the same assistance in a more dangerous and pressing infirmity. After two months of fever she was attacked by pleurisy, which so increased her fever that she became quite purple; she had lost appetite and sleep, and began to prepare for death, which she though inevitable. Her mother recommended her to S. Rose, and remembering that she had a little of the dust from her grave, she encouraged her daughter to have confidence in the merits of our Saint, and to swallow this dust in some broth: she said some prayers first, and after taking it, the purple color disappeared, the fever left her, she went to sleep, and was entirely cured.
Stephen of Cabrera, having broken a rib by a fall, felt so much pain from it that he could not sleep. He asked for some of this dust, and having applied it to his side, the swelling went down, and he fell into s slumber which relieved his pain. On awaking, he found himself perfectly recovered. In 1618, on the 21st of March, Catherine of Artiaga was attacked in the presence of several ladies of rank, by a violent bleeding at the nose, which no remedies seemed capable of stopping, and she prepared for death. A lady having with her some of the dust from S. Rose’s grave, put a little into a piece of linen and hung it round Catherine’s neck, and immediately the blood ceased to flow, of which several persons were witness. Father Anthony Montoya, and Father Juan de Estrada, both novices in the Dominican order, were going to receive holy orders in the town of Guamangan; and as they were passing through a village named Guando, a man, thinking they were two priests, cam in terror to request them to go and give absolution to a poor Indian woman who was in her agony, as there was no priest in the village. These two Friars were much grieved that they had not the power of absolving this poor sick woman, and went with the man to exhort her, and make the recommendation of her soul. They found her motionless, incapable of speech, and apparently near her end. As they were praying at the foot of her bed, Brother Anthony remembered that he had some of this dust with him; and when the prayers were finished he related to those who were present the miracles which God worked every day by means of it, to honor our Saint; and he exhorted them to call upon her for this sick person. He put some in a spoon, and having mixed it with water, he made her swallow it. Two hours later, these novices being ready to quit the village, came again to see her, and on their entrance they found her husband as joyful as he had been sad, and the woman sitting up and eating with a good appetite. When she was told that this dust had cured her, she thanked them, and was from that time very devout to S. Rose, and said publicly, that she owed her life to her.
The number of those who were cured of fevers is so great, that it will be sufficient to mention several names. Joseph de Castro was cured by taking some of the dust in broth. Jane of Mendoza used the same means with success. Father Diego de Palomino, a very learned religious of the Order of Friar Preachers, finding no medicine give him relief in his fever, addressed his prayers to S. Rose, swallowed some of the dust, and was that day heard and cured of his disease. Marie Valasquez, wife of Captain Diego Ruiz de Campos, was freed from a fever and other symptoms, which put her life in danger, by drinking water with which this dust had been mixed. John of Palomorez was cured of fever and asthma by the same remedy. A short time after, his wife, who had been with child seven months, was attacked by fever, which greatly reduced her; and being incapable of using the remedies of medicine, she put her confidence in S. Rose’s protection, and took some of the dust from her tomb, which cured her the same day.
We should never finish if we were to try to name all the others; it will suffice to say, that with all the care that was taken to keep a list of them, the number of the cured was too great for the pious intention of t hose who undertook it. John Lobo, a priest, swore solemnly before the Apostolic Commissioners, that he had seen a great number of persons of every rank and age, at Chusco, Potozzi, Orura, and other places in Peru, cured in a moment of their infirmities, and chiefly of fever, after having taken in water a little of the earth from her grave.
PICTURES OF S. ROSE APPLIED TO PERSONS
AFFLICTED WITH LEPROSY, QUINSEY, GOUT,
HEADACHE, AND OTHER INFIRMITIES, HAVE BEEN
THE MEANS OF RESTORING HEALTH TO THEM.
THE devotion of the people to S. Rose was so great after her death, that there was scarcely a family, not only in Lima, but in all the towns and villages of Peru, that did not possess one of her pictures engraved and printed at Rome, whence they were sent to India. The miracles which God worked though these pictures caused the sick to have recourse to them in their infirmities.
Mary de Vera, the widow of Louis Nugnez, had a violent fever, and other symptoms, which reduced her to the last extremity, and obliged her to receive the Sacraments in preparation for death, as the physicians assured her she would not survive the next day. She sent, however, to beg Marianne, an Indian woman, who, when young, had been brought up with St. Rose, to send her a little picture of our Saint which she possessed: as soon as she received it, she kissed it with devotion, and holding it in her arms, she fell into a slumber, which lasted till the next morning. On awakening, she found herself in perfect health; and full of joy, she lighted a wax taper on each side of this picture, and placing herself on her knees, she thanked St. Rose for having obtained her health from God for her. This miraculous cure being made known in the town, public thanksgivings were offered to God for it. In 1631, during the month of December, Mary de los Royes, a little girl of nine years old, was miraculously cured in nearly the same manner. For a year this child had had a disorder in the head which nothing had been able to remove. Her mother took her to the church of S. Dominic, and taking off her cap, touched the picture of S. Rose devoutly with one of her bandages, and hoping to obtain from God her daughter’s cure, she replaced it on her head; two days afterwards this child was found as perfectly cured as if she had had nothing the matter with her head.
In November of the same year, a little orphan, then months old, named Mary, lived with Jerome de Soto Alvarado, who had taken her through charity. This child was so afflicted with leprosy, that she was a horrible object. The servant of the house seeing that the physicians despaired of curing her, when to pick up in the church of S. Dominic a number of roses which had been placed on a statue of S. Rose; she took them home, and without mentioning her designs she applied them to all the marks of leprosy which appeared on this child’s body: having wrapped her up well, she carried her to bed, and found her the next morning cured of her leprosy: in ecstasies of joy she ran to acquaint her master, who hastened to view the miracle, and who went t o give testimony of it before the Apostolical Commissioners who were examining the life and miracles of our Saint. This miracle was so well authenticated and so public, that to keep it in mind, they ordered that the little girl should be called Mary Rose, which name she bore all her life.
Sebastiana de Vega being in the act of mounting a mule to go into the country with her husband, Cyprian de Medina, a doctor of laws, and royal advocate, fell when she had her foot in the stirrup, and dislocated a bone, which gave her a very great pain, and rendered her incapable of changing her position in bed. One night when she was in great suffering, she desired the servant to bring her a paper picture of S. Rose. She placed it on the dislocated bone with so much confidence, that on awaking from a slumber into which she had fallen while holding this picture, she found herself cured and free from pain. A poor slave, named Elizabeth Biafora, being very near her confinement, was seized with pleurisy, violent fever, and vomiting; the physicians seeing these symptoms in a person who was not in as state to use their remedies, caused her to receive the last Sacraments, thinking she could not recover. This poor woman seeing that there was no human hope, put all her confidence in God; she earnestly asked for a picture of S. Rose, which she applied to the side in which she felt pain, and left it there all night. The next morning the physicians being come to try to save a least the child’s life, were much surprised to find her in perfect health, and asking for something to eat. The day after this miracle her confinement took place happily, and she was able to nurse the child herself. In 1632, Angelica de Albido, wife of Francis de las Cuentas, who was with child with twins, was delivered of one on the 16th of May, but the other still remained, and the matrons who attended her thought she would die. Her husband was inconsolable; and in this consternation the sick person had recourse to S. Rose, and asking for one of her pictures, she had it fixed to the foot of her bed, that it might be always before her eyes. While she was heartily paring to her to help her in this extremity, she felt pains come on, and in the same moment a second daughter came into the world. In memory of this miracle they were named in baptism Mary and Frances de Rose. The history of her life from which these miracles have been taken, relates twelve more which are well authenticated, and which were wrought by the application of her pictures: we will mention one before finishing this paragraph. Anne Mary, daughter of Mary Morales, was near her confinement, but the child was dead. When the pains of labor came on, she perceived that the child did not move; and thinking herself in danger of death, she made her confession to prepare for it; and while they were expecting her to die, her mother, full of confidence, brought her a picture of S. Rose, and after applying it, she was happily delivered of a dead child, larger than ordinary, and which was partly in a state ofputrefaction.
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